What is an oak tree?

An oak is a hardwood tree in the genus Quercus of the beech family, Fagaceae. There are approximately 600 extant species of oaks. Our company is offering Quercus robur, commonly known as Common Oak, European Oak, White Oak, is a species of flowering plant. It is native to most of Europe west of the Caucasus. Quercus robur is a long-lived tree, with a large wide spreading crown of rugged branches. Two individuals of notable longevity are the Stelmužė Oak in Lithuania and the Granit Oak in Bulgaria, which are believed to be more than 1500 years old, possibly making them the oldest oaks in Europe.

Heartwood is a light to medium brown, commonly with an olive cast, though there can be a fair amount of variation in color. Nearly white to light brown sapwood is not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. Oak wood quartersawn sections display prominent ray fleck patterns. Grain is straight, with a coarse, uneven texture. Lumber may have irregular or interlocked grain depending on growing conditions of the tree. European Oak falls into the white oak group, and shares many of the same traits as White Oak (Quercus alba).

European Oak lumber are used for cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, boatbuilding, barrels, and veneer.

Timber produces good results with hand and machine tools. Can react with iron (particularly when wet) and cause staining and discoloration. Responds well to steam-bending. Oak timber glues, stains, and finishes well.

This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Common Name(s): Common Oak, European Oak, White Oak
Scientific Name: Quercus robur
Tree Size: 24-35 m (80-115 ft) (exceptionally to 50 m or 164 ft) tall, trunk diameter from 1-1.5 m (3-5 ft) up to 3-4,5 m (10-14 ft)
Average Dried Weight: 720 kg/m3 (1,590 lbs/ft3)
Janka Hardness: 1,120 lbf (4,980 N)